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托福口语考试怎么考 托福口语考试评分标准

发布时间: 2022-09-07 22:30:01

现在的英语水平类测试的种类是非常多的,大大小小的考试也是数不胜数,其中有很多考试应该是大家都比较熟知的了,这类的考试也是比较大型的考试,参加考试的人数是非常多的,其中雅思托福考试算是英语考试中比较大型的考试了,因此就有很多想要参加托福考试的小伙伴来询问小编关于托福口语考试的内容,那么托福口语考试怎么考,考试形式是怎么样的,我们接着往下看你就知道啦。

一、托福口语考试怎么考

大家都知道托福口语考试分为独立口语和综合口语两种。第一题和第二题属于独立题,准备时间为15秒,回答问题时间为45秒。题型要求考生就某一话题阐述自己的观点。问题会被朗读出来,同时会出现在屏幕上。第一道题要求考生根据题目表达自己的观点并解释原因。第二道题要求考生在两个相反的事物中选择一个并解释原因。

第三、四、五,六道题均为综合题。第三题和第四题是集合了读,听,说的形式。阅读时间为45秒,听力时间为60秒-120秒,准备时间为30秒,回答时间为60秒。也就是先阅读一篇文章,听一篇文章,然后回答问题。阅读材料为一个自然段,75-100个单词,听力材料是两个学生的对话,是对阅读材料中提出的问题的评论。第四题就是学术题,学生学习方面的,阅读材料为75-100个单词的长度学术性材料,听力材料是老师的课堂讲解。考生可以在听录音的过程中做笔记来帮助答题。 第五题和第六题集合了听、说的形式。相比第三、四题少了一份阅读材料。听力时间为60秒-120秒,准备时间为20秒,回答时间为60秒。第五道题是听力材料题。它是一道情景题,是学生之间关于学习生活中涉及的任意话题的对话。第六道题是学术题,内容可如历史课老师在讲课等,考生可以在听录音的过程中做笔记来帮助答题。

大家都知道托福口语考试是机考,口语也不例外。口语考试采用人机对话的方式,考生无法和真正的考官交流,所以考生的成绩不会受到一些人为主观印象的影响。但对考生来说,完全要靠语言能力去应付,没有肢体语言的辅助,所以需要完全依靠听力去听懂题目,然后根据题目来回答。

二、托福口语考试评分标准

TOEFL IBT Speaking Scoring Rubric

Independent Tasks (Questions 1 and 2)

新托福口语评分标准:Score:4

General Description: The response fulfills the demands of the task, with at

most minor lapses in completeness. It is highly intelligible and exhibits sustained, coherent discourse. A response at this level is characterized by all of the following.

Delivery: Generally well-paced flow (fluid expression). Speech is clear. It may include minor lapses, or minor difficulties with pronunciation or intonation patterns, which do not affect intelligibility.

Language Use: The response demonstrates effective use of grammar and vocabulary. It exhibits a fairly high degree of automat city with good control of basic and complex structures (as appropriate). Some minor (or systemic) errors are noticeable but do not obscure meaning.

Topic Development: Response is sustained and sufficient to the task. It is generally well developed and coherent; relationships between ideas are clear (or clear progression of ideas).

新托福口语评分标准:Score:3

General Description: The response addresses the task appropriately, but may fall short of being fully developed. It is generally intelligible and coherent, with some fluidity of expression though it exhibits some noticeable lapses in the expression of ideas. A response at this level is characterized by at least two of the following.

Delivery: Speech is generally clear, with some fluidity of expression,though minor difficulties with pronunciation, intonation, or pacing are noticeable and may require listener effort at times (though overall intelligibility is not significantly affected).

Language Use: The response demonstrates fairly automatic and effective use of grammar and vocabulary and fairly coherent expression of relevant ideas. Response may exhibit some imprecise or inaccurate use of vocabulary or grammatical structures used. This may affect overall fluency, but it does not seriously interfere with the communication of the message.

Topic Development: Response is mostly coherent and sustained and conveys relevant ideas information. Overall development is somewhat limited, usually lacks elaboration or specificity. Relationships between ideas may at times not be immediately clear.

新托福口语评分标准:Score:2

General Description: The response addresses the task, but development of the topic is limited. It contains intelligible speech, although problems with delivery and/or overall coherence occur; meaning may be obscured in places. A response at this level is characterized by at least two of the following.

Delivery: Speech is basically intelligible, though listener effort is needed because of unclear articulation, awkward intonation, or choppy rhythm pace; meaning may be obscured in places.

Language Use: The response demonstrates limited range and control of grammar and vocabulary .These limitations often prevent full expression of ideas. For the most part, only basic sentence structures are used successfully and spoken with fluidity. Structures and vocabulary may express mainly simple (short) and/or general propositions, with simple or unclear connections made among them (serial listing, conjunction, juxtaposition).

Topic Development: The response is connected to the task, though the number of ideas presented or the development of ideas is limited. Mostly basic ideas are expressed with limited elaboration (details and support). At times relevant substance may be vaguely expressed or repetitious. Connections of ideas may be unclear

新托福口语评分标准:Score:1

General Description: The response is very limited in content and/or coherence or is only minimally connected to the task, or speech is largely unintelligible. A response at this level is characterized by at least two of the following.

Delivery: Consistent pronunciation, stress, and intonation difficulties cause considerable listener effort; delivery is choppy, fragmented, or telegraphic; frequent pauses and hesitations.

Language Use: Range and control of grammar and vocabulary severely limit (or prevent) expression of ideas and connections among ideas. Some low level responses may rely heavily on practiced or formulaic expressions.

Topic Development: Limited relevant content expressed. The response generally lacks substance beyond expression of very basic ideas. Speaker may bunable to sustain speech to complete task and may rely heavily on repetition of the prompt.

三、托福口语考试技巧有哪些

1、第1,2题也要做笔记,虽然短而且简单,但这样可以防止因为紧张而万一因为某个词而卡住。

2、答题时宁过勿缺,但如果最后差几秒又实在想不出,则可说:That’s about it 或是 That’s everything I can say about this topic之类的句子。

3、有时可用and将两个同义词连接,这样既可强调要表达的意思,又可延长一倍的时间。

4、多用习语,口语词,gonna,wanna,thatal = that will,有的词读的短而快,有些则长而慢,注意语音语调的变换。

5、一开始不要说出绝对数字,而说a few points,这样可以防止说不完。

6、多用被动和升调。

7、因为第1、2题要求说45’所以用一些opening会使这两道题比较稳妥。

8、3,4题中如果多说阅读中的内容会被减分,不要有什么in the reading passage之类的话。

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